8.1 Introduction

8.2 Electrochemical cells and their operations

8.3 Electrodes

8.3.1 Classification of electrodes
8.3.2 Ion-selective electrodes Terms related to ion-selective electrodes Classification of ion-selective electrodes Constants and symbols Ion-selective field effect transistor (ISFET) devices
8.3.3 Chemically modified electrodes
8.4 General terms, symbols and definitions used in electroanalytical chemistry

8.5 Classification of electroanalytical techniques

8.5.1 Potentiometric and related techniques
8.5.2 Amperometric and related techniques
8.5.3 Voltammetric and related techniques
8.5.4 Impedance or conductance and related measurements
8.6 References