Vol. 22, No. 4
Books and Publications
from the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Physics
IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series 67. Halogenated Ethanes and Ethenes
By Ari L. Horvath, Forrest W. Getzen, and Z. Maczynska. USD 109.00.
Published in the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data,
Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 395-627, 1999, by the American Chemical Society
(1155 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036-9976) and the American
Institute of Physics (Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville,
NY 11747-4502) for the National Institute of Standards and Technology
This volume covers the solubilities of halogenated ethanes and ethenes
with water, heavy water, seawater, and aqueous electrolyte solutions.
All data were critically examined for their reliability, and best value
esti-mates were selected on the basis of such evaluations. Referenced
works are presented in the standard IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series
format. Reported and best value data are presented in tabular form and,
where justified, data correlation equations and graphical illustrations
are provided. Throughout the volume, SI conventions have been employed
as the customary units.
The importance of these data arises from the fact that halogenated
ethanes and ethenes have commercial uses as industrial chemicals, propellants,
solvents, and the like. In such applications, often from spillage, leakage,
or mishandling, they contact water and are exposed to the atmosphere.
The data are essential for concentration estimates for the halogenated
ethanes and ethenes in drinking and ground water, foodstuffs, human
tissue, marine organisms, and the atmosphere.
The halogenated aliphatics are of particular interest to health scientists,
engineers, environmentalists, and atmospheric chemists in that they
represent a class of chemical materials that has many significant industrial
applications. However, at the same time, these substances have been
shown, in some cases, to be carcinogenic and also to be especially damaging
to the earth's atmospheric composition through their chemical reactivity,
which results in atmospheric ozone depletion. The high ozone depletion
potentials of this class of chemical substances emphasizes the importance
of having available complete, accurate, and reliable data for mutual
solubilities with water. The availability of such data is essential
for estimates of halogenated hydrocarbon levels in both natural waters
and aqueous industrial liquids that result from industrial fabrication,
industrial waste removal processes, and the like. The data also provide
significant solubility values for studies concerning the health of human
and other biological systems.
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