Chemistry International
Vol. 22, No.4, July 2000

2000, Vol. 22
No. 4 (July)
..Chemistry in Argentina
..News from IUPAC
..Report of Accounts 1998-99
..Reports from Symposia

..Reports from Commissions
..Provisional Recommendations
..Awards and Prizes
..New Books
..Conference Announcements
..Conference Calendar

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Chemistry International
Vol. 22, No. 4
July 2000

New Books and Publications

 

New Publication from the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Physics

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series 68. Aliphatic Compounds C3-C14 with Water.

By Ari L. Horvath and Forrest W. Getzen. USD 67.00. Published in the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 649-777, 1999, by the American Chemical Society (1155 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036-9976) and the American Institute of Physics (Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747- 4502) for the National Institute of Standards and Technology [S0047-2689(99)00403-1].

This volume covers the solubilities of halogenated aliphatic C3-C14 compounds with water, heavy water, seawater, and aqueous electrolyte solutions. All data were critically examined for their reliability, and best value estimates were selected on the basis of such evaluations. Referenced works are presented in the standard IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series format. Reported and best value data are presented in tabular form and, where justified, data correlation equations and graphical illustrations are provided. Throughout the volume, SI conventions have been employed as the customary units.

The importance of these data arises from the fact that halogenated aliphatics have commercial uses in a variety of applications such as industrial chemi-cals, process raw materials, solvents, and the like. In such applications, they are often in contact with water and are routinely exposed to the atmosphere. Sometimes, such contact and exposure results from spillage, leakage, or mishandling. Reliable data are essential for concentration estimates for the halogenated aliphatics in drinking and ground water, foodstuffs, human tissue, marine organisms, and the atmosphere.

The halogenated aliphatics are of particular interest to health scientists, engineers, environmentalists, and atmospheric chemists in that they represent a class of chemical materials that has many significant industrial applications. However, at the same time, some of this class of substances have been shown to be carcinogenic and also to be especially harmful for the earth's atmospheric and natural water composition. Indeed, the chemical reactivity of some halogenated aliphatics has resulted in atmospheric ozone depletion. The high ozone depletion potentials of such chemical substances emphasizes the importance of having available complete, accurate, and reliable data for mutual solubilities with water. The availability of such data is essential for estimates of halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon levels in both natural water and aqueous industrial liquids that result from industrial fabrication, industrial waste removal processes, and the like. The data also provide significant solubility values for studies concerning the health of human and other biological systems.

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