Number: 1999-048-1-400 [ 990481/400/00 or 4/1/00
Title: Definitions of Terms Relating to Reactions of Polymers
and Functional Polymers
Horie - Access
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Completion Date: 2003 - project completed
To prepare clear concepts and definitions of general and specific terms
on reactions of polymers and functional polymers, in order to solve
the present lack of clarity of terminology in the field resulting in
confusion and difficulties in proper scientific and technological understanding.
The chemistry of reactions and functionalization of polymers has
received great attention during the last two decades, and a large number
of preparation processes of basically and industrially important reactive
and functional polymers are carried out through the reactions of linear
or crosslinked polymeric reactants and the introduction of reactive,
catalytic or some functional groups into polymer chains. The polymer
reactions have their specific characteristics different from those of
polymerization reactions. Basic classification and definition of polymerization
reactions (PAC, 66, 2483 (1994)) and terminology on kinetics
and thermodynamics of polymerization (Project
410/26/95) have been elucidated by the Commission IV-1. However
any clear and unified terminology has not yet been given on polymer
reactions, inspite of the growing importance of the field. For example,
combinatorial chemistry using polymer beads becomes an important new
field in the last few years. However some non-polymer chemists regard
the swollen polymer beads as a "solid" phase. In many instances, lack
of clarity leads to confusion and to difficulties in proper understanding.
Based on the growing importance of the field and the confusion that
has emerged in the area of its nomenclature, it is very important to
prepare clear concepts and definitions of terms on reactions and functionalization
of polymer. A thorough three year feasibility study in Commission IV-1
has shown that more than 70 terms need to be considered.
Draft 12 is available for comments (Version Feb 26, 2002).
A final document -draft 17a- was submitted to public review comments
until 31 July 2003.
Project completed - IUPAC Recommendations published in Pure
76(4), 889-906, 2004
Last update: 12 June 2004
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